Mission Indradhanush Mission Indradhanush
Mission Indradhanush Campaign, is a mission launched by the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India. Like the seven colors of the rainbow, the main objective of this “Mission Indradhanush” is to vaccinate all those children by the year 2020 who do not get vaccinated or who have not been properly vaccinated against seven types of diseases. This mission was launched on December 25, 2014 by Union Health Minister J.P. by Nadda Good Governance Day The occasion of which is the birth date of Freedom Fighter Late “Shri Madan Mohan Malviya Ji” and former Prime Minister of India “Mr. Atal Bihari Vajpayee” has a birthday, but was launched.
Mission Indradhanush vaccination program –
It is said that during the period between 2009 and 2013, vaccination has only increased from 61% to 65%. This means that during the last seven years, there has been an increase of only 1% every year, which is very less considering the increasing population every year. Apart from this, it is seen that some diseases, which have become the cause of death of a large number of children in the country. Which can be prevented by vaccination. “Mission Indradhanush”, has been started to increase the speed of this vaccination process. Whose main goal is to bring all the children of the country under this mission by the year 2020.
It is a plan to provide vaccination for seven diseases, which can be prevented by vaccine, those seven diseases are as follows-
- Whooping cough
- hepatitis B
Apart from this, vaccines for Japanese Encephalitis (JE) and Haemophilus influenzae type B (HIB) are also to be provided in the selected states under this mission.
Some important things related to Mission Indradhanush (Information about Mission Indradhanush) –
Some of the main points related to Mission Indradhanush are as follows-
|1.||mission name||Mission Indradhanush|
|2.||mission area||for health|
|3.||mission launch date||25 December 2014|
|4.||manager ministry||Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare|
|5.||Union Health Minister||J. P. Nadda|
|6.||mission launched||J. by P. Nadda|
Implementation of Mission Indradhanush (About Mission Indradhanush) –
Focused and systematic immunization mission based on a “catch up” campaign mode, aimed at covering all children who have missed or been left out for vaccination. Mission Indradhanush is being run in 2 phases.
- Phase 1 of Mission Indradhanush
For the first phase of Mission Indradhanush, the Government of India identified children who are partially immunized and unimmunized in 201 districts of 28 states across India. The first phase of Mission Indradhanush started on April 7, 2015, which lasted for more than a week. This phase was divided into 4 parts. The first part started on 7th April, apart from this, the second, third and fourth parts were started from the 7th of the month of May, June and July which was organized for more than 1-1 week.
Some of the main facts related to the first phase of Mission Indradhanush are as follows-
- A total of 9.4 lakh sessions were organized in these four parts of the first phase of Mission Indradhanush.
- Under this mission, 75 lakh children were vaccinated, out of which 20 lakh children were fully vaccinated. And more than 20 lakh pregnant women were given tetanus toxoid vaccines.
- More than 57 lakh zinc tablets and more than 16 lakh ORS packets were distributed free of cost to all the children to prevent diseases like diarrhoea.
- Phase II of Mission Indradhanush
For the second phase of Mission Indradhanush, 352 districts across the country were selected by the Government of India. Out of which 279 are medium focus districts and the remaining 73 are high focus districts of the first phase. The second phase of Mission Indradhanush started on 7 October 2015. This phase was also divided into 4 parts, in which the second part started on 7 November 2015, the third part started on 7 December 2015 and the fourth part started on 7 January 2016.
Some of the main facts related to the second phase of Mission Indradhanush are as follows-
- In the second phase of this mission, 37 lakh children were covered, out of which 10 lakh were those who were not fully vaccinated and 9 lakh pregnant women were given tetanus toxoid vaccines.
- 73 districts which were the high focus districts of the first phase were re-visited as the target of 50% population could not be met during the first phase.
- Under this mission, all those children who have been left out of vaccination are to be covered.
- Phase III of Mission Indradhanush
The Union Health Ministry announced the third phase of Mission Indradhanush. After the success of the first and second phase, the third phase started on 7 April 2016. During this phase, 216 districts of several states including Bihar, West Bengal, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh were covered. In the first and second phase, about 39 lakh children who were partially vaccinated or who were left out for vaccination, were fully vaccinated.
In this way, according to the Government of India, by the year 2020, all the children of India who have not been vaccinated or have been partially vaccinated, have to be completely vaccinated and protected from 7 types of diseases.
Selected areas under Mission Indradhanush
Mission Indradhanush aims to cover 201 districts in the first phase of the mission in the year 2015 and 297 districts in the second phase. Meanwhile, in the first phase of the mission, about 50% of unvaccinated or partially vaccinated children in 201 high focus districts were covered. Out of 201 districts, 82 districts are from only four states Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan. There are about 25% children who are not fully vaccinated. They come under 82 districts of these 4 states of India only.
Within these districts, 4,00,000 high-risk settlements identified by the Polio Eradication Program are to be addressed during the mission. These are the areas where vaccines have not been fully implemented due to geographic, demographic, ethnic and other operational challenges. It has been learned from the sources that most of the children who have not been fully vaccinated have been found in these areas.
The following areas have been targeted through the special vaccination mission-
High risk areas were identified through Polio Eradication Program. The population living in these areas is as follows-
- Urban Slums with Migration
- Brick Kilns
- Construction Site
- Other migrants such as fishermen’s villages and river bank areas etc.
- Remote areas with less service reach, such as those living in forest areas and tribal areas etc.
- Areas with low routine vaccination like measles areas etc.
- Areas with vacant sub centers: Where no ANM is posted for more than 3 months.
- areas left out of regular vaccination
- Certain areas such as small villages, hamlets, Dhanis or Purbas clubbed which are clubbed with other villages for routine vaccination sessions and do not have separate routine vaccination sessions.
Districts covered under Mission Indradhanush
Under Mission Indradhanush, total districts of 28 states of India have been covered under 2 phases-
- Under the first phase, 201 districts have been covered.
- Under the second phase, 352 districts have been covered.
Strategy for Mission Indradhanush (Indradhanush vaccination schedule)
Mission Indradhanush is a national immunization program to strengthen key functional areas across the country and ensure high immunization coverage, with special focus on districts with low immunization coverage.
The comprehensive strategy, based on evidence and best practices, will include 4 elements-
- Careful planning of campaigns at all levels : In order to ensure availability of adequate vaccinators and all vaccines during regular vaccination campaign, small plans have to be improved in all blocks and urban areas of each district. A special plan has to be prepared to reach out to children in more than 4,00,000 such high risk settlement areas such as urban slums, nomads, brick kilns, construction sites etc. with migration.
- Effective communication and social mobilization efforts : To increase awareness and demand for immunization services through need based communication strategy and social media to increase community participation in routine immunization program through mass media, mass media, people to people communication, schools, youth networks and corporate Have to try hard.
- Intensive training of health officers and frontline workers : To enhance the capacity of health officials and frontline workers in routine immunization activities for quality immunization services.
- Develop accountability framework through task forces : Strengthening the district task forces for vaccination in all the districts of the country, increasing the responsibility of the district administration and health machinery and using concurrent session monitoring data to eliminate the deficiencies in implementation on the basis of today’s time.
Mission Indradhanush guidelines –
- To make vaccination faster and better, all the districts have to be covered.
- The emphasis of this vaccination drive is on a “catch up” campaign which means that all children who are not fully vaccinated or partially vaccinated are to be targeted for vaccination.
- This process has been used in the successful implementation of the Pulse Polio program which is to be implemented in this mission.
- For the successful implementation of Mission Indradhanush, the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare collaborated with UNICEF, WHO, International Rotary and other donor partners.
In this way Mission Indradhanush is being run all over the country.
A State Steering Committee meeting has been organized for Extend Mission Indradhanush under Gram Swaraj Yojana for Aspirational District (Kipshire) and Measles – Rubella Vaccination Campaign. The meeting was held under the chairmanship of Chief Secretary Temjen Toy in the Chief Secretary’s Conference Hall on August 16. According to DIPR, NITI Aayog has identified 115 aspirational districts in India under Mission Indradhanush. One of them is Kippshire district. And 16 villages have been selected by MoHFW. Vaccination sessions will be conducted in the entire district in 3 phases from July to September 2018.
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