Indian National Flag History and Significance, Essay ( Indian National Flag Essay history and Significance in hindi )
Indian national flag is a symbol of our independence. Waving our flag in the country means that the country is free. before independence Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru had said, ‘The national flag is not only our freedom, but it is a symbol of the freedom of all the people of the country.’ According to Indian law, the national flag should be made of Khadi cloth. Initially the national flag was used by the common citizens only like National Day. Independence day And republic day It used to happen only, in the rest of the days they could not hoist it. But after some time the union cabinet changed it and its use by common citizens was started.
The Indian national flag is known by the name ‘Tiranga’, which means three colors. All three color planes are divided into equal parts. Saffron at the top, white at the bottom and green at the bottom. The width and length of the tricolor are in the ratio 2:3. In the middle of the tricolor, there is a blue Ashoka Chakra on top of white color, which has 24 stripes.
Importance of Indian National Flag
Our national flag reflects the culture, civilization and history of our country. Our national flag waving in the wind shows the independence of our country. This flag is the proud pride of ourselves and our countrymen on being freed from the tyranny of the British along with the freedom of the citizens of our country. Our national flag has three important, therefore, which shows the integrity, unity and valor of our country. We are proud that because of a country where heroes and great men were born.
Detail description of the three colors of the tricolor –
Saffron – Saffron color is at the top of the tricolor, it is a symbol of courage, selflessness and strength.
white – The white color in the tricolor is a symbol of truth, peace and purity. This color shows the usefulness of happiness and peace in the country.
green – Green color symbolizes trust, chivalry, growth and fertility of green land. It represents prosperity and life.
Ashoka Chakra – It is also called Dharma Chakra. Blue colored Ashoka Chakra in 3rd century Emperor Ashoka was created by. Which is placed in the middle of the tricolor, it has 24 stripes. Ashoka Chakra shows the dynamic of life, its absence means death.
History of Indian National Flag –
The national flag represents India’s long fight for independence and the national treasure. It is a symbol of the republic of independent India. A few days before the country became independent, on July 22, 1947, a meeting was organized regarding the constitution of independent India, where for the first time the national flag tricolor was presented in front of everyone. After this, from 15 August 1947 to 26 January 1950, the national flag was presented as the dominion of India. When the Constitution came into force in 1950, it was declared the national flag of an independent republic. The national flag was designed by Pingali Venkya.
All National Flag History of India –
- 1904-06 – The history of the national flag of India dates back to the pre-independence period. The national flag first appeared in front of the people around 1904-06. at that time it Swami Vivekananda It was made by Sister Nivedita, an Irish disciple. After some time this flag came to be called Sister Nivedita Dhwaja. The colors of this flag were yellow and red. In which the red color was a symbol of freedom and the yellow color was a symbol of victory. It was written in Bengali language ‘Vonde Matoram’ which means Vande Mataram. On this a picture of Lord Indra’s weapon Vajra and safe lotus was also made. The thunderbolt was a symbol of strength and the lotus was a symbol of purity.
- 1906 – After the creation of Sister Nivedita, in 1906, a new flag was created once again. It contained three colors, blue at the top, then yellow and red at the bottom. In this, 8 different types of stars were made in the blue strip at the top. In the lower red stripe, there was a sun on one side and a half moon and a star on the other side. Vande Mataram was written in the Pili belt in Devanagari script.
In the same year, a slight change was made in this flag, it had only three colors, but those colors were changed. It had saffron, yellow and green colors, which was called the Calcutta flag. 8 half-bloomed lotuses were made on the top of it, hence it was also named as the lotus flag. It was made by Sachindra Prasad Bose and Sukumar Mitra. This flag was hoisted by Surendranath Banerjee on 7 August 1906 at Parsi Bagan Square in Calcutta. At that time Bengal was partitioned, this demonstration was done in protest against that.
- 1907 – In 1907, changes were made again by Madam Bhikaji Cama, Vinayak Damodar Savarkar and Shyamji Krishna Varma. It was also called Madam Bhikaji Cama Dhwaj. This flag was hoisted in Germany by Madam Bhikaji Cama on 22 August 1907. This was the first time that the Indian flag was hoisted on foreign soil outside the country. After this ceremony it was also called ‘Berlin Committee Flag’. In this flag, green at the top was saffron in the middle and red at the bottom.
- 1916 – In 1916, a writer named Pingali Venkayya made a flag, in which his thinking of taking the whole country along was clearly visible. they Mahatma Gandhi Also met and took their opinion. Gandhiji told him to add a spinning wheel to it. Pingali made the flag for the first time from Khadi cloth. In this, 2 colors were made from red and green and a spinning wheel was also made in the middle. Seeing this flag, Mahatma Gandhi rejected it, he said that red color is a symbol of Hindu and green color is a symbol of Muslim caste. The country does not seem to be united with this flag.
- 1917 – in 1917 Bal Gangadhar Tilak adopted the new flag as the national flag. The flag of the European country was also attached at the top of this flag, in the rest place there were 5 red and 5 blue lines. In this 7 stars, which are called Saptarishi, were made to show the righteousness of the Hindus. A crescent moon and a star were also made in it.
- 1921 – Mahatma Gandhi wanted that the unity of the country should be clearly reflected in the national flag of India, due to this a flag was created. This flag also had 3 colors, white at the top then green at the last red. In this flag, the white color represents the minority of the country, the green color for the Muslim caste and the red color for the Hindu and Sikh castes. The spinning wheel was also added in the middle, which showed the unity of the entire caste. This flag was not adopted by the Congress party, but still it remained a symbol of nationalism in the freedom struggle.
- 1931 – Some people were very angry with the communal interpretation in the flag. Keeping all these things in mind, the red color in the flag was changed to ocher. This color represents both Hindu Muslim caste. But after this the people of the Sikh caste made a different demand to reveal their caste in the national flag. As a result of this, Pingali made a new flag, in which saffron was at the top and green at the end of white. It had a blue spinning wheel over a white one in the middle. It was passed in the Congress Party meeting in 1931, after which it became the official flag of the Congress.
- 1947 – When the country became independent in 1947, the country’s Rajendra Prasad, the first president and committee head called a meeting to talk about the national flag. There everyone unanimously agreed to take their flag from the Congress. It was adopted with a change in that flag made in 1931. The Ashok Chakra replaced the spinning wheel in the middle. In this way the national flag of our country was ready.
flag making work
The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) set the standard for the manufacture of the flag. He set every little thing related to its construction, such as its cloth, thread, color, its proportion, everything according to the rule, even the things related to its hoisting were also written in the rule.
Some important things related to the national flag –
It is a national symbol, which is respected by every Indian. Some things related to the respect of the national flag should always be remembered by the common man –
- When the national flag is raised, always keep in mind that saffron color is at the top.
- No flag or emblem should be on the national flag.
- If another flag is being flown, they should always be flown in the row to its left.
- If a procession or parade is going out, then the national flag should be on the right or it should be in the middle of the row of other flags.
- The national flag should always be hoisted in the main government buildings and institutions like Rashtrapati Bhavan, Parliament House, Supreme Court, High Court etc.
- The national flag cannot be used for any personal business or work.
- The national flag should be lowered in the evening at sunset.
interesting fact –
- The national flag was hoisted on 29 May 1953 on Mount Everest, the highest mountain in the world.
- Madam Bhikhaji Khama is the first person who raised the national flag on foreign soil.
- It was hoisted in space by Rakesh Sharma in 1984.
- In December 2014, 50 thousand people set a record by making the national flag in Chennai.
- The tallest national flag was hoisted in Delhi’s Central Park, which was 90 feet in length and 60 feet in width.