Biography of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad | Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Biography in Hindi – Deepawali

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Biography

The real name of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad is Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin. But he is known only by the name Maulana Azad. Maulana Azad was one of the main fighters during the freedom struggle. Maulana Azad was a great scientist, a politician and a poet. He also left his professional work to take part in the freedom struggle, and due to patriotism, started working with the rest of the people for the independence of the country. Maulana Azad was a follower of Gandhiji, he actively participated in civil disobedience and non-cooperation movement, supporting non-violence with Gandhiji. Unlike other Muslim leaders such as Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Maulana Azad India considered the independence of the country more than communal freedom. He worked for religious harmony and was also a staunch opponent of partition. Maulana Azad fought for India’s independence for a long time, as well as India became a witness to the partition of Pakistan. But being a true Indian, he stayed in India after independence and worked in its development and became the first education minister, took the responsibility of improving the education system of the country.

Biography of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad , Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Biography in Hindi ,

life introduction point Maulana Azad biography
Full Name Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin
Birth 11 November 1888
birth place Mecca, Saudi Arabia
father Muhammad Khairuddin
wife Zulekha Begum
death 22 February 1958 New Delhi
political party Indian National Congress
citizenship Indian
Award Bharat Ratna
home page Click here

Azad was born on 11 November 1888 in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. His father Mohammad Khairuddin was a Bengali Maulana, who was a great scholar. While his mother was Arab, who was the daughter of Sheikh Mohammed Zahar Watri, who was a cleric in Medina, whose name used to be in foreign countries apart from Arabia. Maulana Khairuddin used to live with his family in the Bengali state, but Battle of the Revolt of 1857 In the year he had to leave India and go to Arabia, where Maulana Azad was born. When Maulana Azad was 2 years old, his family came back to India in 1890 and settled in Calcutta. At the age of 13, Maulana Azad got married to Zulekha Begum.

Maulana Azad Education

Maulana Azad’s family was of conservative views, this affected his education. Maulana Azad was given traditional Islamic education. But all the descendants of Maulana Azad’s family had excellent knowledge of Islamic education, and Maulana Azad inherited this knowledge. Azad was first given education at his home by his father, after which teachers were appointed for him, who used to teach him in the respective fields. Azad first learned Arabic, Persian languages, after that he gained knowledge of philosophy, geometry, mathematics and algebra. Along with this, he also studied Bengali and Urdu languages. Azad was very fond of studies, he used to study diligently, he himself used to read about English, world history and politics.

Maulana Azad was a meritorious student, who had the ability to have special knowledge, which helped him to stay ahead of the contemporary. Maulana Azad was given a special education and training, which was necessary to become a Maulvi.

Maulana Azad early life

At a young age, Azad ji worked in many magazines. He was the editor of the weekly newspaper ‘Al-Miswah’, as well as explained the principles of the Holy Quran in his other works. It was at this time that he held a radical political outlook, which suddenly evolved into a nationalism, replacing it with the Indian nationalist movement. He did not pay attention to the communal issues of the British Raj and Muslims, he believed that the independence of the country was more than all these issues. Maulana Azad traveled to Afghanistan, Iraq, Egypt, Syria and Turkey, where he changed his mind and his faith emerged as a nationalist revolutionary.

After returning to India, he was influenced by prominent Hindu revolutionaries Sri Aurobindo and Shyam Sundar Chakraborty, and Azad joined them actively in the national struggle for independence. During this time Azad ji saw that revolutionary activities were confined to Bengal and Bihar. Within two years, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad helped establish secret revolutionary centers across northern India and Bombay. At that time, most of the revolutionaries in these revolutionary centers were anti-Muslim, because they believed that the British government was using the Muslim community against India’s independence. Azad ji tried a lot to change the anti-Muslim thinking of his colleagues.

Unlike other Muslim activists, Maulana Azad opposed the partition of Bengal, even rejecting the All India Muslim League’s plea for communal separatism. He was strongly against racial discrimination in India.

Maulana Azad Freedom Fighter –

  • Even after taking education as a cleric, Azad ji did not choose this work and took part in the freedom struggle along with Hindu revolutionaries.
  • In 1912, Maulana Azad started a weekly newspaper ‘Al-Hilal’ in Urdu language. In which articles were written openly against the British government, as well as articles about Indian nationalism were published in it. This newspaper became a means of bringing out the mind of the revolutionaries, through this the extremist ideas were being propagated.
  • Hindu-Muslim unity was talked about in this newspaper, the youth were requested to forget the fight of Hindu-Muslim and work for the independence of the country.
  • In 1914, al-Hilal was banned due to some act, due to which this newspaper was closed. After this Maulana Azad brought out a magazine named ‘Al-Balagh’, which used to work in the same way as Al-Hilal.
  • There was resentment in the country due to the continuous printing of nationality in the newspaper, due to which the British government began to understand the threat and they banned the newspaper under the Regulation Act to protect India. After this Maulana Azad was arrested and put in Ranchi jail. Where he was kept till 1 January 1920.
  • When he came out of jail, there was a scenario of resentment and rebellion in the politics of the country. This was the time when Indian citizens started raising their voices for freedom and individual rights.
  • Maulana Azad started the Khilafat movement, through which an attempt was made to awaken the Muslim community.
  • Azad ji now joined hands with Gandhi ji and supported him in the ‘Non-cooperation Movement’. In which everything of the British government such as government schools, government offices, clothes and other items were completely boycotted.
  • Maulana Azad was elected as the President of All India Khilafat Committee. Together with the rest of the Khilafat leaders, he established ‘Jamia Millia Islamia Sanstha’ in Delhi.
  • Being inspired by Gandhiji and Prophet Muhammad, he had to make a big change in his personal life as well. Following in the footsteps of Gandhi ji, he completely imbibed non-violence in his life. Mahatma Gandhi Biography, Speech, Essay and Poetry Read here.
  • In 1923, Azad ji was made the President of Congress, for the first time at such a young age, a leader had got this post. After this he did the unity conference in Delhi, as well as tried to reduce the differences between Khilafat and Swaraj.
  • Azad ji was a prominent politician of the Indian Congress, who was also a member of the Congress Working Committee. During this, he went to many places in India and talked about Gandhian and the country’s independence.
  • In 1928, Maulana Azad stood against the Muslim League leader on some issue, and he supported Motilal Nehru on that matter. He opposed the communal talk by Muhammad Ali Jinnah and spoke of a secular country.
  • In 1930, in the break salt movement with Gandhiji, Azad ji was arrested along with other leaders. He was released from prison in 1934.
  • After this, he helped in organizing elections under the Government of India Act. Due to the large number of United Nations elected members in the central legislature, they were not in the 1937 elections.
  • In the meantime, he strongly condemned Muhammad Ali Jinnah and his associates, who used to call the Congress rule a Hindu state. He raised his voice strongly and demanded his resignation from the Congress ministries.
  • In 1940, Azad ji was made the President of Congress from Ramgarh session. There he criticized and condemned religious separatism, and at the same time spoke of preserving India’s unity. He remained there till 1946.
  • After India’s independence, Maulana ji contested on behalf of the Congress for the new Constituent Assembly of India. great freedom fighters of india Read about here.
  • At the time of the India-Pakistan partition, he took the responsibility of protecting the Muslim community in the country of India. At the time of partition, he went to Bengal, Bihar, Punjab and Assam, where he built refugee camps for the people, provided them food and security.
  • In the government of Jawaharlal Nehru, Maulana ji was made the Education Minister from 1947 to 1958 in the first cabinet. After becoming a minister, Azad ji made education compulsory for all people below the age of 14 years. Also stressed on adult illiteracy, secondary education and education of poor and women, so that the progress of the country can be done as soon as possible. Biography, Essay of Jawaharlal Nehru Click here to read.
  • He believed in scientific education. He got many universities and institutes built, where high rate of education was made available. The country’s first IIT, IISC and University Grants Commission were formed under the aegis of Maulana Azad.

Maulana Azad Achievements –

  • In 1989, on the birthday of Maulana Azad, the ‘Maulana Azad Education Foundation’ was created by the Government of India to promote education in the country.
  • ‘National Education Day’ is celebrated every year on 11th November on the birth anniversary of Maulana Azad.
  • Many educational institutions, schools, colleges of India have been named after him.
  • Maulana Azad has also been awarded the Bharat Ratna.

Maulana Azad Death

On 22 February 1958, Maulana Azad died suddenly in Delhi due to a stroke.

It was Maulana Azad ji who started bringing change in the field of education in India. Calling him the founder of education in India would not be wrong. Today, due to the tireless efforts of Maulana ji, India has progressed so far in education. Maulana ji knew, for the progress and development of the country, it is very important to have strong education. This is the reason that even in his last days he kept trying in this direction.

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